Hamlet Act III

“Tis too much prov’d, that with devotion’s visage and pious action we so sugar o’er the devil himself.” a) Polonius tells the king and queenb) They are sugarcoating. It is not the best thing to do, but it is for the benefit of Hamlet. But the king is not concerned for the well being of Hamlet, which shows he is hiding a foul reality.
“To be or not to be, that is the question…And makes us rather bear those ills we have then flu to others that we know not of? Thus conscience makes cowards of us all…” a) Hamlet’s soliloquyb) Hamlet is over thinking. He talks and thinks about revenge on his uncle, but he does not act upon it. His state of mind is thinking about the revenge so much that he does not initiate it.
“Rich wax poor when givers prove unkind.” a) Ophelia shows up to Hamlet and speaks to him. The king and queen are listening.b) If the giver does not treat one right, then the gifts of before do not matter.
“Madness in great ones must not unwatched go.” a) King Claudius says this quote to poloniusb) The king does not believe that Hamlet is lovesick. He knows there’s another reason and he’s determined to find out what that is. He does not trust Hamlet and knows he has great potential in him that will find out the truth.
“Suit the action to the word, the word to the action.” a) Hamlet is talking to the actors that are about the perform for everyoneb) very ironic that Hamlet is saying this bc his words do not match his own actions
“Give me the man that is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him in my heart’s core, ay, in my heart of heart, as I do thee.” a) Hamlet is talking to Horatiob) Hamlet is calling himself a passion’s slave – his emotions are in control of him. He either wants to kill the king or not at all. He is never in the middle, always on both extremes. He wants to be like Horatio
“The lady doth protest too much, methinks.” a) The queen is commenting on the play.b) She is trying to justify/rationalize her own actions by saying the queen in the play makes too many promises.
“We that have free souls, it touches us not.” a) Hamlet is telling the king about the play.b) Hamlet is saying he is guiltless so he has nothing to worry about. But it is ironic because he actually means the opposite.
“Tis the very witching time of night, when churchyards yawn and hell itself breathes out contagion to this world.” a)Hamlet Soliloquyb) Personification: Evil acts can be committed during the night
“I will speak bloody daggers to her but use none.” a) Hamlet is talking to himself.b) Hamlet is reminding himself to not harm the queen because the ghost requested him not to. Foreshadowing that he wants to do something more to her.
“Forgive me my foul murder? That cannot be, since I am still possess’d of those effects for which I did the murder – My crown, mine own ambition, and my queen.” a) Claudius’s soliloquy during the time.b) He is sorry but he is not willing to give up the crown and the queen for repentance. In a way, he acts like Hamlet. He says/feels something with a passion but he does not act upon it.
“My words fly up, my thoughts remain below. Words without thoughts never to heaven go.” a) Hamlet decides not kill while King was praying and then left. King soliloquy.b) Appearance can be deceiving. He doesn’t really want to repent and he does not plan to give up the crown.
“A bloody deed. Almost as bad, good mother, as kill a king and marry hos brother.” a) Hamlet says to the queen while they are alone.b) Hamlet accuses his mother of killing/being a part of the plan to kill the dead king. But her reaction is surprised so we not know she had nothing to do with the murder.
“Speak no more. Thou turn’st my eyes into my very soul…Speak no more. These words like daggers enter in my ears.” a) The queen says to Hamletb) The queen realizes now that what she has done is like incest and corrupt. We see ho that Hamlet’s words are like daggers to her ears and they can be used as a weapon.
“Do not come your tardy son to chide, that laps’d in time and passion, lets do by th’ important acting of your dread command.” a) Hamlet says to the ghostb) Manifestation of Hamlet’s guilt for not going through with the murder. His mother loses all fear and guilt of her actions and blames everything on Hamlet’s mental mind.
“Confess yourself o heaven, repent what’s past, avoid what is to come and do not spread the compost on the weeds to make them ranker.” a) Hamlet to the queenb) Hamlet is telling her id she stays with Claudius, she will keep sinning. compost = helps plants grow.
“That I essentially am not in madness, but mad in craft.” Hamlet says to the Queenb) Theme of madness is developed. But the queen will not believe a word he says after the ghost incident.