Hamlet Act 4 and 5

What does Gertrude compare Hamlet to when she talks of him killing Polonius? Mad as the sea and wind when both contend
Claudius says that he let Hamlet continue his mad state b/c he loved him. But, like the owner of a foul disease,To keep it from divulging, let it feedEven on the pith of life.
Where did Hamlet go immediately after Polonius’ murder? What does Gertrude says this shows? To bury the body. This shows Hamlet’s one sliver of morality.
What does Claudius say to R & G To speak nice words to Hamlet and bring Polonius’ to chapel.
When Claudius suggests talking to their dear friends, he hopes what won’t afflict them. slander—Whose whisper o’er the world’s diameter,As level as the cannon to his blank,Transports the poisoned shot
What did Hamlet do with the body? He compounded it with dust.
What does Hamlet call R? A sponge “that soaks up the king’s countenance, his rewards, his authorities. But such officers do the king best service in the end. He keeps them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw, first mouthed to be last swallowed. When he needs what you have gleaned, it is but squeezing you and, sponge, you shall be dry again.”..he also says that he would rather keep his own secret than take R’s advice to give body to him
How does Hamlet reply when R pleads for the body? The body is with the king, but the king is not with the body.The king is a thing
Why can’t Claudius throw Hamlet in jail? B/c the people love him, and they judge based on appearance, and would judge the harsh punishment rather than harsh deed. We have to seem fair-minded with sending him away. Hamlet’s a disease that requires extreme treatment.
How does H reply when C asks where is Polonius? At supper. Polonius is being eaten by worms, “your only emperor for diet.” We fat all creatures else to fat us, and we fat ourselves for maggots. Your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service—two dishes, but to one table.
By saying that a man can eat fish with the worm that ate a king, and then eat the fish he catches with that worm, what does he mean? He is saying that “a king may go a progress through the guts of a beggar”
C asks again where is Polonius. H says… In Heaven…or in Hell, send your messenger, if neither you’ll smell him soon.
What does H say when C says he’s sending H away to England for his good, and H would think it was good if he know C’s purpose. I see a cherub that sees them.
He calls Claudius his…. Dear mother..because Father and mother is man and wife, man and wife is one flesh, and so, my mother.
Is the disease Hamlet, or is it within Claudius? Claudius says to England, “cure me”. Till I know ’tis done,Howe’er my haps, my joys were ne’er begun (he’ll never enjoy the good things in his life with Hamlet).
What does Fortinbras ask for permission for? To move his troops across Denmark.
What does Fortinbras want to do? Invade a tiny patch of worthless land in Poland that the Danish want and the Polish will defend.
What does Hamlet remark to this? He says countries have too much money and peace, this quarrel was like an abcess inside that kills people without htem knowing.
“How all occasions do inform against me,And spur my dull revenge!” Events are telling Hamlet to hurry up with his revenge. He says a man that just eats and sleeps is a beast, and should use his faculties of reason.
What does Hamlet have? The cause, the will, the strength….to kill Claudius..but he doesn’t..
What does hamlet think of greatness? Rightly to be greatIs not to stir without great argument,But greatly to find quarrel in a strawWhen honor’s at the stake.
What does Hamlet vow to himself after seeing F’s army? Oh, from this time forth,My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!
How many men does H predict will die? 20,000 men. Earlier he says 2000 mean and 20000 ducats.
What happens to Ophelia after Polonius’s death? She talks about her father a lot, and says she hears there are conspiracies around the world, and coughs, and beats her breast, and gets angry over tiny matters, and talks nonsense. Her words don’t mean anything, but her babbling causes her listeners to draw conclusions. They hear what they want to hear. Her winks and nods and gestures do suggest that she means to convey a message, and not a happy one.
What does Gerturde say to herself when she lets Ophelia in? To my sick soul (as sin’s true nature is)Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss.So full of artless jealousy is guilt,It spills itself in fearing to be spilt.
White his shroud as the mountain snow. Ophelia is talking about her father’s innocence, which is why his burial shroud is white.
Why did Ophelia believe she and Hamlet were true loves? He was the first one he saw on St. Valentine’s day. He took her virginity and then discarded her.
His beard as white as snow,All flaxen with his pollWhat does she also call this person? Polonius’ beard “Robin is my joy”
They say the baker’s daughter was turned into an owl for refusing Jesus’ bread. My lord, we know what we are now, but not what we may become. Ophelia
O Gertrude, Gertrude,When sorrows come, they come not single spiesBut in battalions. First, her father slain.Next, your son gone, and he most violent authorOf his own just remove. The people muddied,Thick, and unwholesome in their thoughts and whispersFor good Polonius’ death, and we have done but greenlyIn hugger-mugger to inter him. Sorrow comes like an army
What else does Claudius fear? Ophelia’ brother has come back, and has heard gossip, and may accuse Claudius of killing Polonius.
How are the Danish people reacting? Choose we! Laertes shall be king!
What is Laertes compared to? An ocean that overflows and devours the lowlands
That drop of blood that’s calm proclaims me bastard,Cries “Cuckold!” to my father, brands the “harlot”Even here between the chaste unsmirchèd browOf my true mother. Laertes, saying that he has one drop that says he’s a bastard, stamping the word “*****” on his pure mother…basically things are unfair
How does Laertes proclaim he will react to his father death? To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil!Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit!I dare damnation.Let come what comes, only I’ll be revengedMost thoroughly for my father.
What is the only thing stopping Laertes? Free will
What will Laertes do to his father’s good friends? Protect them like the wings of a mother pelicanTo his good friends thus wide I’ll ope my armsAnd, like the kind life-rendering pelican,Repast them with my blood.
What does Laertes call Ophelia? Rose of May
Who does Ophelia, according to Laertes, give a part of herself away to? To her beloved dad
Ophelia and flowers to Laertes Look at my flowers. There’s rosemary, that’s for remembering. Please remember, love. And there are pansies, they’re for thoughts.
Ophelia’s flowers to Gertrude Here are fennel and columbines for you—they symbolize adultery.
Ophelia’s flowers to Claudius And here’s rue for you—it symbolizes repentance. We can call it the merciful Sunday flower. You should wear it for a different reason. And here’s a daisy, for unhappy love. I’d give you some violets, flowers of faithfulness, but they all dried up when my father died. They say he looked good when he died.
Which flower should Claudius wear differently than Ophelia? Rue- his repentance is different than Ophelia’s
Who wishes to speak to Horatio? Sailors
Hamlet’s letter to Horatio Horatio, When you’ve read this letter, find a way to let these guys see the king. They have letters for him. Before we were at sea for even two days, a pirate ship equipped for battle pursued us. We were too slow to escape, so we were forced to stand and fight. In the battle that followed I ended up on the pirate ship. Just then they left our ship behind, so I became the only prisoner on board. They’ve treated me quite mercifully for thieves, but they knew what they were doing. They want me to do a favor for them.Give the king the letters I’ve sent, and come to me as fast as you would run from death. I’ve got things to tell you that will make you speechless, and they aren’t even half the story. These guys will take you to me. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are on their way to England. I have a lot to tell you about them. Good-bye. Your trusted friend, Hamlet.”
What are Claudius’ reasons for not killing Hamlet? The queen loves him and the king loves the queen, the public loves him and turns vices into virtues, and will most likely be against me (he compares it to shooting an arrow that comes back to hit him)
Hamlet’s letter to Claudius High and Mighty one, You know I’ve been set down naked, you might say, in your kingdom. Tomorrow I’ll beg permission to look into your kingly eyes, at which point I’ll tell you the story (after first apologizing) of how I came back to Denmark so strangely and suddenly. Hamlet”
How does Claudius know it’s Hamlet writing? The word “naked”
What’s itn the postscript on the letter to C? Alone
What is Hamlet jealous of C? Of C’s fencing skills Even French fencers couldn’t match up to C’s skills, and H wanted to go against you.
C to Laertes C asked L if he truly loved and grieved for his father. He says that love is dampened over time, and intentions can be delayed and stopped. He asks Laertes for actions:What would you undertakeTo show yourself in deed your father’s sonMore than in words?
What will Laertes do? Cut Hamlet’s throat in church?
Great french guy on horseback Lamond-his country’s jewel
The plan to kill Hamlet: It’s true, no place—not even a church—should offer refuge to that murderer. Revenge should have no limits. But Laertes, will you do this: stay in your room? When Hamlet comes home he’ll learn you’re here. I’ll have people praise your excellence and put a double coat on the fame the Frenchman gave you. In short, we’ll get you together and place bets on you. Hamlet’s so careless, high-minded, and unsuspecting that he won’t examine the swords beforehand, so you can easily choose one with a sharpened point and in one thrust avenge the death of your father.
What does Laertes add to plan? Poison on tip of sword.
Backup Plan Poisoned drink ready for a thirsty HamletA chalice for the nonce, whereon but sipping,If he by chance escape your venomed stuck,
Ophelia’s death There’s a willow that leans over the brook, dangling its white leaves over the glassy water. Ophelia made wild wreaths out of those leaves, braiding in crowflowers, thistles, daisies, and the orchises that vulgar shepherds have an obscene name for, but which pure-minded girls call “dead men’s fingers.” Climbing into the tree to hang the wreath of weeds on the hanging branches, she and her flowers fell into the gurgling brook. Her clothes spread out wide in the water, and buoyed her up for a while as she sang bits of old hymns, acting like someone who doesn’t realize the danger she’s in, or like someone completely accustomed to danger. But it was only a matter of time before her clothes, heavy with the water they absorbed, pulled the poor thing out of her song, down into the mud at the bottom of the brook.
Ophelia’s garland There with fantastic garlands did she comeOf crowflowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples
Why doesn’t Laertes cry? Ophelia has had too much water. Laertes will stop being a woman after this cry. Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia,And therefore I forbid my tears. But yetIt is our trick. Nature her custom holds,Let shame say what it will. When these are gone,The woman will be out.
What gravedigger says about Ophelia’s suicide And an act hath three branches—it is to act, to do, to perform. Argal, she drowned herself wittingly.Argal, he that is not guilty of his own death shortens not his own life.
What does the other say about Ophelia’s death? If she hadn’t been rich, she wouldn’t have been given a proper burial.
Gravedigger There is no ancient gentleman but gardeners, ditchers, and grave-makers. They hold up Adam’s profession.Adam was the first person to have arms in the literal sense.
GRAVEDIGGERWhat do you call a person who builds stronger things than a stonemason, a shipbuilder, or a carpenter does? OTHERThe one who builds the gallows to hang people on, since his structure outlives a thousand inhabitants.
Gravedigger about this answer Now, it’s wrong to say that the gallows are stronger than a church. Therefore, the gallows may do you some good. Come on, your turn.And when you are asked this question next, say “A grave-maker.” The houses that he makes last till doomsday.
Gravediggers sings while singing, Hamlet reacts: Only people who don’t have to work can afford to be sensitive.
When did the gravedigger start digging? When the late King Hamlet defeated Fortinbras, the day that young Hamlet was born. Hamlet is 30 years old. (Gravedigger has been church warden for so long)
Why won’t it matter that Hamlet is crazy in England? Everyone is crazy there.
How long will body last? What makes body last longer? Well, if he’s not rotten before he dies (and there are a lot of people now who are so rotten they start falling to pieces even before you put them in the coffin), he’ll last eight or nine years. A leathermaker will last nine years. B/c he lacks water, which makes one rot.
What great person does Hamlet mention? Alexander the Great..whose body, dust, and dirt, could now patch up a wall.
Laertes says about Ophelia’s burial May violets spring! I
What does Hamlet say about people acting the way they’re mant to act? Let Hercules himself do what he may,The cat will mew and dog will have his day.
What will Claudius do for Ophelia? Build a monument for her.
What will Hamlet do for Ophelia’s death Will you cry? Fight? Stop eating? Cut yourself? Drink vinegar? Eat a crocodile? I’ll do all that. Did you come here to whine? To outdo me by jumping into her grave so theatrically? To be buried alive with her?
What does Hamlet change about the letter To kill the messengers without giving them time to confess to priest (changed from cutting off Hamlet’s head). He used his father’s signet ring as a royal seal.
Hamlet’s opinion of Osric, the courtier He hath much land, and fertile. Let a beast be lord of beasts and his crib shall stand at the king’s mess. ‘Tis a chough, but, as I say, spacious in the possession of dirt.
Osric keeps on changing his mind about what? The temperature, whether it’s cold or humid depending on what Hamlet says. However, he refuses to put on his hat.
Osric talks about Laerte’s fine fencing abilities. What has been prepared for Hamlet? 6 Barbary Horses, 6 French Swords, 3 carriagesThe king, sir, has bet that in a dozen rounds between you and Laertes, he won’t beat you by more than three hits.
Does Hamlet have ominous feelings before the duel? Yes, like a woman.
Hamlet’s external locus of control..God controls everything “we defy _______” and says that all that matters is that one is _______ We defy augury. There’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, ’tis not to come. If it be not to come, it will be now. If it be not now, yet it will come—the readiness is all.
Who does Hamlet say is guilty for offending Laertes? His madness is poor Hamlet’s enemy.Like shooting an arrow over the house and hurting a brother.
Laertes is better, so he… gets a handicap..must win by 3 duels in a dozen
All the swords are… the same length..
Claudius plan Put the goblets of wine on that table. If Hamlet makes the first or second hit, or gets back at Laertes by making the third hit, then let my soldiers give him a military salute. I’ll drink to Hamlet’s health, and into his goblet I’ll drop a pearl (UNION) even more costly than those in the crowns of the last four Danish kings. Give me the goblets. And now let the drum and the trumpet play, and the trumpet signal the cannon outside to fire, and let the cannon tell the heavens, and the heavens tell all the earth that the king is drinking now to Hamlet’s health. Come on, let’s begin. Judges, pay close attention.
What happens instead? Gertrude drinks from the goblet.
How long does Hamlet have to live? 1/2 hour
What does Hamlet do to Claudius? Force him to drink poison.
What does Laertes ask for? Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet.Mine and my father’s death come not upon thee,Nor thine on me.
What does Horatio want to do? I am more an antique Roman than a Dane.Here’s yet some liquor left.(lifts the poisoned cup)
Hamlet says No..stay to tell my story b/c my reputation is damaged
Hamlet’s last words. The rest is silence.O, O, O, O.
How does Horatio explain the scene to Fortinbras? A tragedy
Why did the Ambassador come? To tell that G and R had been killed as ordered.
Fortinbras’ orders Let four captains carry Hamlet like a soldier onto the stage. He would have been a great king if he had had the chance to prove himself. Military music and military rites will speak for his heroic qualities. Pick up the corpses. A sight like this suits a battlefield, but here at court it shows that much went wrong. Go outside and tell the soldiers to fire their guns in honor of Hamlet.
Horatio’s plan hen give your men orders to display these corpses on a high platform, and let me tell the world how all this happened.