Hamlet Act 1

Where does the play take place? What is happening as the play opens? Denmark, Elsinore, Guards switching duty, dark, cold, midnight, anxiety, tension
Who are Marcellus and Bernardo? Two guards at castle
Why has Marcellus brought Horatio for night watch? To see a ghost that has been spotted last two nights
Who does the ghost appear to be? How is he dressed? Ghost- see if he will show up againKing- armor- fought Norway and Poland, Horatio can talk to it (educated)Dressed in armor and prepared for battle, King Hamlet
What is the source of tension between Norway and Denmark? Why is the castle being guarded? King Hamlet (of Denmark) killed King Fortinbras (of Norway) and inherited landSon of Fortinbras wants revenge and has gathered a gang of rebels to potentially attack
What do Horatio, Marcellus and Bernardo decide to do as the scene ends? Tell Hamlet about the ghost and have him try to talk to it
Describe the family ties now existing in Claudius’s court. Claudius, the brother of king Hamlet, married Gertrude, his brothers wife, Prince Hamlet’s uncle is now his step dad
What does he say it is time to do? He says it is time to move forward because while they are sad, there are still things to do
Why is he writing to the King of Norway? Who will deliver his message? He is writing to the uncle of young Fortinbras to get the boy to stop this pursuit of revengeCornelius and Voltemand will deliver the message
Who is Laertes and what does he ask of the Kings? Is permission granted? Laertes, the son of Polonius, wants to return to France He is given permission from the King
Describe Hamlet’s present mood Sad/depressed- under cloudDoesn’t just seem upset, truly is (Appearance vs. Reality)
What is Claudius’s reaction to Hamlet? The queen’s? What do they ask of him? Queen- don’t be so upset, stay in Denmark and don’t return to schoolClaudius- unmanly, get over it
In his first soliloquy, what are Hamlet’s feelings about his mother’s marriage to Claudius? Father was an exceptional king and husband: his parents had a fantastic marriageAngry at mother, just two months after father’s death she has remarried- weak
When Bernardo, Marcellus, and Horatio find Hamlet what does he plan to do as a result of what they tell him? Go try and speak to itAsks the others not to tell of what they have seen
As the scene ends, why does Hamlet think the ghost of his father may be appearing? He suspects that there has been foul play; was his dad murdered?
Who is Ophelia and what brotherly advice does Laertes give her? Daughter of Polonius and sister of LaertesLaertes says Hamlet may just be flirting and she shouldn’t get marriedHamlet does not necessarily get to choose his mateDon’t lose honor!
What advice does Polonius give Laertes before he departs for France? Think before act, be friendly but only trust a few who have proven themselves, listen to others opinions, but be careful about vacing your own, dress well, don’t borrow or lend $, consistent, to thine own self to be true
What does Polonius order Ophelia to do? What is Ophelia’s response? Don’t believe everything he says; he may just be using youhe’s all talkOrders Ophelia to stop talking to Hamlet and Ophelia says she will obey
Where and when does this scene take place? What is everyone waiting for? It is on the platform, night again, return of the ghost
What is happening during the King and Queen’s celebration that involves a cannon? What does Hamlet think of the custom and what effect does he think it will have on Denmark? They are drinking, Hamlet thinks their drinking makes the Danish people look bad, “Dram of evil doth all the noble substance of a doubt to his own scandal” One drop of something band can ruin something that is largely good
When the ghost appears what does Hamlet do? How do the others react to what is happening? Hamlet tries to speak to it and it beckons himThe others tell Hamlet not to go with the ghost because it may cause harm
What is the significance of the following remark by Marcellus: “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.”? There’s something bad going on; all is not well
What is the “life span” of the ghost? When will he stop appearing? doomed to walk the night and spend days in the fires until all of his sins are gone
What is the nature of Hamlet’s father’s death? What has everyone been told? Murder by Claudius- poured poison in the king’s ear while he was nappingeveryone in the country was told that he was bitten by a snake while sleeping in the garden
Why must Hamlet spare his mother in seeking revenge on Claudius? What will her punishment be? The ghost gives Hamlet 2 directions:1. Don’t be getting revenge mess with your mind2. Don’t harm Gertrude- she will have to answer to her actions in heaven
What promise does Hamlet ask Horatio and Marcellus to make? What does he warn them not to worry about? 1. Don’t tell anyone what you have seen2. Don’t be alarmed if Hamlet starts acting oddly/insane “Antic Disposition”- Crazy