When Act I begins, what time of night is it? midnight
When the ghost appears the second time, what do Barnardo and Horatio believe causes the ghost to leave? crowing of the cock
What does Claudius want the King of Norway to do? Stop young Fortinbras efforts 1) wage war on Denmark 2) reclaim the lands lost by his father
What is Laertes’ request? Wants to return to France
Who says, “A little more than kin, and less than kind”? Hamlet
“Seems” Madam? Nay, it is. I know not “seems.” Of what does Hamlet accuse his mother? He accuses his mother about feigning her sadness over King Hamlet’s death
In his first soliloquy, to what does Hamlet compare the kingdom of Denmark? An unweeded garden that has gone to seed
Hamlet compares Claudius to a satyr. What is a satyr? To receive full credit you must give me more than the animal description. A satyr is a lecherous man; a man who has inappropriate sexual appetites
“Frailty, thy name is woman!” What does frailty mean in this context? moral weakness
“My father’s spirit—in arms!” What does Hamlet believe this means? he thinks that some kind of foul play is in the works
Of what do both Laertes and Polonius warn Ophelia? She should not count on any kind of long term relationship with Hamlet
While Hamlet and his friends wait for the appearance of the ghost they hear a flourish of trumpets and two cannons being fired. According to Hamlet, what is the reason for the sounds? Claudius likes to drink a lot. The sounds are part of that drinking revelry
When the ghost does not speak to Hamlet, what does he decide to do? follow it
Why is Horatio concerned about Hamlet’s decision? He is afraid the ghost will try to lure Hamlet off a cliff (literally or figuratively)
According to the ghost, who murdered Hamlet’s father? His Uncle Claudius
How was Hamlet’s father murdered? Claudius poured poison in his ear while he took his afternoon nap in the garden
What does the ghost demand Hamlet do? Avenge his murder
What does the ghost want Hamlet to do regarding Gertrude? Leave Gertrude’s punishment to heaven
What does Hamlet make his friends swear? They will never tell what they saw that night (the ghost)
What is Hamlet’s plan? He will put on an “antic disposition” and/or He will focus all of his attention on getting revenge—nothing else will exist in his mind
According to Polonius, how do individuals “of wisdom and of reach, . . . find directions out”? indirect approaches; Reynaldo will spy
How did Hamlet look when he appeared in Ophelia’s private room? disheveled
What does Polonius believe is wrong with Hamlet? Mad for Ophelia’s love
Who has Claudius summoned to spy on Hamlet? Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
What does Young Fortinbras get for agreeing to stop his aggression against Denmark? $$, use of the royal army, and support of the country to invade Poland
What request does Norway make of Denmark? The army’s safe passage through Denmark
Having presented his theory about Hamlet’s madness to Claudius, how does Polonius plan to prove his theory is correct? He and Claudius will spy (hiding behind an arras) on Hamlet while he is talking with Ophelia (also a contrived meeting).
Of what does Hamlet accuse his friends? Being sent for by the King. Lying to him about their purposes.
Why does Pyrrhus kill Priam? Pyrrhus wants to avenge his father Achilles’ death. Achilles was killed by Priam.(Hamlet is like Pyrrhus)
In his third soliloquy, why does Hamlet refer to himself as “a rogue and peasant slave”? He fails to work up enough passion to take action against Claudius . . . Unlike the actor who is able to summon passion at will without just reason.
What do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern fail to report to the King and Queen about their visit with Hamlet? That Hamlet knows the King and Queen sent for them.
When Hamlet asks Ophelia, “Are you honest?” what two possible meanings are being suggested? honest means both truthful as well as chaste
Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a “nunnery” five times in his conversation with her. What two meanings does the word nunnery have in this context? A nunnery is a convent. Used mockingly, it is also a brothel
After listening to the exchange between Hamlet and Ophelia, what does Claudius conclude about Hamlet’s madness? He disagrees with Polonius’ conclusions regarding the cause of Hamlet’s madness. He also starts to believe that Hamlet might not be mad at all.
What action does Claudius plan to take regarding Hamlet? Send him to England
Who does Claudius ask to escort Hamlet to England? Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Claudius says his crime has “the primal eldest curse upon it.” Explain the allusion. Reference is to the biblical story of Cain and Abel. Cain murdered his brother Abel and was cursed for it.
Why does Claudius believe he cannot be forgiven for the murder he committed? He is still in possession of all he gained because of the murder. (crown, ambition, queen)
Hamlet finally has an opportunity to kill Claudius. What is Claudius doing? praying
Why does Hamlet refrain from killing Claudius at this time? He wants to send Claudius to hell.
“My words fly up, my thoughts remain below; / Words without thoughts never to heaven go.” What do these words reveal about Claudius? unsuccessful in his efforts to pray and ask for forgiveness; feels as though God can’t hear him
What happens to Polonius as a result of his spying on Hamlet? Dies (Hamlet kills him)
Hamlet tells Polonius, “I took thee for thy better.” Who did Hamlet believe was behind the arras spying on him? Claudius
Hamlet shows his mother two pictures/images. One is of his father and the other is of his uncle. To what does Hamlet compare his father’s image? a god; Hyperion (sun god)
During Hamlet’s angry discussion with his mother, who enters the room? the ghost of King Hamlet
What does Hamlet ask his mother NOT to do? go to bed with Claudius; continue her involvement with Claudius; tell others that Hamlet is simply feigning madness
What does Gertrude fail to report to Claudius about what happened when Hamlet killed Polonius? Hamlet thought it was Claudius
When questioned by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern about the location of Polonius’ body, to what does Hamlet compare Rosencrantz? a sponge
Why does Claudius say that he cannot “put the strong law on [Hamlet]”? The people will be upset, they judge the punishment and not the person
When questioned by Claudius about the location of Polonius’ body, Hamlet offers three Different answers. Where does he say the body is? At supper, in heaven, at the lobby
In his short soliloquy at the end of scene 3, what does Claudius reveal he is asking England to do with Hamlet? kill him
In his short soliloquy at the end of scene 3, to what does Claudius compare Hamlet? Be specific. fever in his blood
According to Fortinbras’ Captain, how much is the Polish land worth that Norway is going to war over? 5 ducats
At the beginning of his 7th soliloquy, why does Hamlet compare himself to “a beast”? Dull revenge; sleep and eat
Hamlet says, “Rightly to be great / Is not to stir without great argument, / But greatly to find quarrel in a straw / When ______ at stake.” honor
At the beginning of scene 5, Horatio, Gertrude, and a gentleman of the court discuss Ophelia. What has happened to her? Gone mad
Ophelia sings a song about St. Valentine’s Day. About whom does she seem to sing? Hamlet
According to Claudius, what is the cause of Ophelia’s ailment? Death of Polonius
What do “the rabble” want Laertes to be? king
Ophelia hands out flowers and herbs. What is rosemary for? Pansies? Rosemary=remembrancePansies=thoughts
Ophelia gives herself only one of the flowers/herbs. Which one is it? Rue
Besides the manner of Polonius’ death (how he died), what else is Laertes incensed about regarding his father? Lack of burial ceremony
On his way to England, who takes Hamlet prisoner? pirates
When Laertes asks why Claudius has not proceeded against Hamlet’s criminal acts, what TWO reasons does he give? The Queen & the people love Hamlet
From whom does Claudius receive a disturbing letter? Hamlet
What TWO things will the King and Laertes do to the rapier Laertes will use in the fencing match against Hamlet? Sharpen it and poison it
According to Gertrude, what has happened to Ophelia? drowned herself
What specific action is Laertes willing to take “to show indeed [he is his] father’s son?Hint: “No place indeed should murder sanctuarize.” murder Hamlet in a church
“Who builds stronger than a mason, a shipwright, or a carpenter?” grave maker
Whose grave is being prepared as Hamlet and Horatio walk through the graveyard? Ophelia’s
According to the gravedigger, why will the corpse of a tanner decay more slowly than other corpses? His skin keeps out water longer
In whose skull does Hamlet take a special interest? Yorick – the court jester
What does Hamlet reveal about his feelings for Ophelia? He loved her
When Hamlet announces himself to the group in the graveyard, what title does he give himself? Hamlet the Dane
How does Hamlet send Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to their deaths? Writes a letter as the king; forges it
What does Hamlet say is his reason for wanting to kill Claudius? Trying to kill him, ***** his mother, and killed his father, a canker on the nation
Before they begin to fence, what does Hamlet ask of Laertes? forgiveness
What does Laertes mean when he tells Osric, “Why as a woodcock to mine own springe”? caught in his own trap (dying)
As he is dying, what does Hamlet ask Horatio to do? tell his story
“These indeed ‘seem’/ For they are actions that a man might play;/but I havethat within passes show” Hamlet
“My words fly up and my thoughts remain below” Claudius
“There is something rotten in the state of Denmark” Marcellus
“And I, of ladies most deject and wretched,/that sucked the honey of hismusicked vows” Ophelia
“For me with sorrow I embrace my fortune.” Fortinbras
“Such an act…calls virtue hypocrite, takes off the rose from the fair forehead of an innocent love, and sets a blister there and makes marriage vows false…” Hamlet
“Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing them, end them” Hamlet
My honored lord, you know right well you did, and with them words of sweet breath composed as made the things more rich. Their perfume lost, take these again…” Ophelia
“My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent, and, a man double business bound, I stand in pause where I shall first begin and both neglect” Claudius
“The harlot’s cheek beautified with plastering art is not more ugly to the thing that helps it than is my deed to my most painted word” Claudius
“Speak no more! Thou turnst my eyes into my very soul, and there I see such black and grained spots as I will not leave their tinct” Gertrude
“The lady doth protest too much, methinks” Gertrude
“My lord, he’s going to his mother’s closet. Behind the arras I’ll convey myself to hear the process” Polonius
“But yet I do believe the origin and commencement of his grief sprung from neglected love” Polonius
“Neither a borrower nor a lender be” Polonius