English DC Macbeth Review (Work in progress)

Remember! The test is Thursday the 15th! READ THE PLAY FIRST THEN REFER BACK TO THIS AS A REFERENCE!
Act 1 Scene 1 The witches meet to discuss how to cause chaos in Scotland. They cast the “Fair is foul, and foul is fair” spell (reverses foul things into fair things). They set the mood with a stormy night that will not show the sun until the end of the play (“That will be ere the set of sun”). They can talk to animals (like Graymalkin the cat and Paddock the toad), control weather, control men’s minds. They cannot kill
Act 1 Scene 2 Macbeth turns the tide of the battle by killing the traitor Macdonwald. He kills my by “unseaming him from the nave to the chops, and fixed his head upon our battlements” (Macbeth sliced Macdonwald in half from the gut to the chin and cut off his head)
Act 1 Scene 2 Macbeth is compared to being an eagle and a lion. Banquo is compared to a sparrow and a hare.
Act 1 Scene 2 Banquo exhibits more mercy than Macbeth. Macbeth overkills his opponents.
Act 1 Scene 2 Macbeth fought in the Northern Isles in Scotland. Macduff, Macbeth’s cousin, fought in the Kingdom of Fife (being the Thane of Fife). King Duncan wrongly gives Macbeth the rights to the Thane of Cawdor’s land (Macduff killed the Thane of Cawdor for being a traitor and thus should have received the land)
Act 1 Scene 3 As Macbeth’s first words in the play he mirrors the witches chant from Act 1 Scene 1 “So foul and fair a day I have not seen”
Act 1 Scene 3 Shakespeare writes this to prove that the witches spell has worked.
Act 1 Scene 3 Banquo criticizes the witches appearance “choppy finger laying upon her skinny lips. You should be women and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are so.”
Act 1 Scene 3 Prophecies given to Macbeth by the witches:”All Hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor” (wrongfully so)”All hail, Macbeth that shalt be King hereafter!”
Act 1 Scene 3 Prophecies given to Banquo by the witches:”Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.” (You will have kings with your name, but you will not be a king yourself)
Act 1 Scene 3 Ross and Angus enter. Upon awarding Macbeth the Thane of Cawdor’s land, Macbeth replies “The Thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress me in borrowed robes?” Macbeth is unaware that The Thane of Cawdor is dead and asks why do you give me land that I didn’t earn?
Act 1 Scene 3 In whispers Macbeth and Banquo discuss the witches first prophecy to Macbeth and how it comes true.
Act 1 Scene 3 Macbeth’s lines in 130-142 suggest that he wants to put off the witches prophecies until he knows it will come true. (Dun dun dun)
Act 1 Scene 4 King Duncan is too trusting. He thought the Thane of Cawdor was an honest man. With Macbeth as the new Thane of Cawdor, Duncan is more likely to trust Macbeth. This foreshadow’s Macbeth’s treasonous actions later in the play (no spoilers hehe)
Act 1 Scene 4 King Duncan’s decision to announce his son Malcolm to be the future king, he fails to realize that if he and Malcolm were to die then the Kingship would be awarded to someone else. People are hungry for power. It is the hunger that can only be satisfied by immense power.
Act 1 Scene 4 This INCREASES Macbeth’s chances to become king. (Who ever owns the most land after the king is dead becomes king)
Act 1 Scene 5 Lady Macbeth (just going to call her LM from now on) reads the letter Macbeth sent to her regarding the witches prophecies. She loves that if Macbeth were to become king she would be the queen. Again the hunger for power manifests in the play. At first LM thinks Macbeth is too gentle of a person to be king.
Act 1 Scene 5 Then LM believes Macbeth is really gullible. “That I pour my spirits in thine ear, and chstise with the valor of my tongue”.
Act 1 Scene 5 LM wants to throw a party of Macbeth’s achievement. Then LM tries to create a spell of her own. She wants to kill King Duncan so that Macbeth can be king an she the queen.
Act 1 Scene 5 LM chants of a thick night (actually it’s a storm that comes) that won’t be released until her death.
Act 1 Scene 5 The raven symbolizes death. It being hoarse means it can’t caw. The caw marks the death of King Duncan. Meaning he won’t die yet.
Act 1 Scene 5 Macbeth tells LM that King Duncan will spend the night in his castle in Glamis. LM thinks that Macbeth wants to kill Duncan that night. When LM gets too carried away with her plan Macbeth says to not speak anymore of this. LM replies with “To alter favor ever to to fear. Leave all the rest to me.”
Act 1 Scene 5 LM seems to want power more than Macbeth in this scene. While Macbeth was happy with just his land in Glamis. Macbeth has more passion for LM than power.
Act 1 Scene 6 King Duncan thinks Macbeth’s castle has “a pleasant seat”. There is nothing pleasant about what happens at night.
Act 1 Scene 6 The bird motif reappears in Lines 7-9. This time it makes Macbeth’s castle as a safe haven to raise a family and a empire.
Act 1 Scene 7 Macbeth’s soliloquy opens with reasons to NOT kill King Duncan. “First, as I am his kinsman and his subject…As his host, who should against his murderer shut the door.”Reasons TO kill King Duncan”Besides, this Duncan hath borne his [power] so meek, hath been so clear in his great office, that his virutes will plead like angles trumpet-tongued against he deep damnation of his taking off.Notice Macbeth doesn’t say the word “murder”
Act 1 Scene 7 Macbeth confronts LM and tells her to not go along with the murder of King Duncan. LM then compares Macbeth to a child. Says that Macbeth is “green and pale”. “Was the hope drunk wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since?”
Act 2 Scene 1 Banquo and his son Fleance stand at the balcony of Macbeth’s castle. They describe that it seems like night, but the clock that strikes at midnight doesn’t ring (it isn’t actually midnight or even night for that matter. Recall LM’s wishes)
Act 2 Scene 1 When Banquo tells Macbeth that he dreams of the witches, Macbeth doesn’t care what they say. He is overconfident.
Act 2 Scene 1 Macbeth asks Banquo to talk about the prophecies later. Macbeth says that there will be something in it for you if you stick around.
Act 2 Scene 1 Macbeth sees a bloody dagger levitate in front of him. He then tries to grab the dagger, but can’t touch it. It is his imagination (something the witches can alter) playing tricks on him. He then hears a bell ring. This is LM telling Macbeth that she is ready to do the deed. MURDER.
Act 2 Scene 2 Being drunk has made LM bold. This relates to her soliloquy in Act 1 Scene 5 where she says “fill me up crown to toe with ambition”. Ambition to gain more power by any means necessary. She is drunk on power.
Act 2 Scene 2 The owl shrieking scares LM making her character not as powerful as she thinks.
Act 2 Scene 2 Macbeth enters the chamber with bloody daggers. After a debriefing of the murder, Macbeth begins to “apologize” for his sin. He can’t say “Amen” though. A contrast to the time when he couldn’t say “Murder”.
Act 2 Scene 2 Macbeth hears a voice that says “Macbeth will not sleep anymore!” (This is a witch saying this)
Act 2 Scene 2 Macbeth sees his hands covered in blood. He begins to weep and says that he will be persecuted for killing the king. LM goes to the chamber and bloodies her hands. Now Macbeth is not alone in the guilt game. The power balance has shifted. Macbeth now has more power, but not as much as LM right now.
Act 2 Scene 3 The Porter uses the gates in Macbeth’s castle as a metaphor for the gates of Hell. Hellish things have gone on in the castle. He lets in Macduff and Lennox. 2 very honorable men go to a Hellish place. IRONY
Act 2 Scene 3 During the night, a mousing owl has killed a hawk, Duncan’s horses break out of their stables and eat each other, clouds covered the sun. Pathetic fallacy uses human feelings to create a metaphorical storm.
Act 2 Scene 3 Macbeth finds the sleeping guards in the castle and yells at them to cover his tracks.
Act 2 Scene 3 LM faints here to take the blame off of her.
Act 2 Scene 3 Donaldbain and Malcolm leave the castle. The other’s now believe that they killed the king when in reality they are leaving to plot against the murderers.
Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo is concerned that Macbeth is going to be a tyrant of a king.
Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo remembers the prophecy regarding him. Banquo will not be king but his children and children’s children and his …
Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo isn’t the real threat here but his son, Fleance, is destined to be king. To make the prophecy come true, Macbeth blindly realizes that the witches prophecies have come true regarding Banquo and his children.
Act 3 Scene 1 Macbeth and LM ask Banquo about attending the feast at Scone (where the Scottish king lives). Macbeth asks Banquo what he thinks his kingship will be like (Banquo lies). Macbeth finally asks what to do about Donaldbain and Malcolm since they seem really suspicious.
Act 3 Scene 1 Macbeth interviews 2 murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance. Macbeth recites the wrongs Banquo has done to persuade the murderers to convert to his side.
Act 3 Scene 1 Macbeth gains more power after he kills Duncan. He will later go on a killing rampage.
Act 3 Scene 1 Recall the voice that said “Macbeth shall sleep no more!” Macbeth remarks that he is very tired in this scene. (Sleep deprivation can kill)

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