ENGL 2: Romeo and Juliet #1 (Scansion and Poetry)

sonnet (n) a verse form of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
octave (or octet) (n) a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
sestet (n) a group of six lines of verse
quatrain (n) a stanza of four lines
stanza (n) a group of lines in a poem (like a pragraph in prose)
iamb (n) a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables (u /) “exCEPT”
trochee (n) a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed syllables (/ u) “KAwel”
spondee (n) a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables (/ /) “BASE-BALL”
Shakespearean sonnet (n) a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
William Shakespeare (N) English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
tragedy (n) drama exciting terror or pity
comedy (n) light and humorous drama with a happy ending
aside (n) a line spoken by an actor not intended for others on stage
soliloquy (n) a dramatic speech giving the illusion of unspoken reflection
foil (n) anything that contrasts with and enhances something else
pentameter (n) a verse line having five metrical feet
scansion (n) analysis of verse into metrical patterns
verse (n) poetry, especially that which rhymes
free verse (n) unrhymed, unmetered verse
blank verse (n) unrhymed iambic pentameter (must of Shakepeare’s plays are written in blank verse)
pyrrhic a metrical foot of two unstressed syllables (u u)
dactyl a metrical foot of three syllables, one strong followed by two feet (/ uu) as in “ENtropy”
anapest a metrical foot of three syllables, two unstressed followed by one stressed (uu /) as in “IlliNOIS”
amphimacer a metrical foot of three syllables, one strong + one weak + one strong (/ u /) as in “EMiNEM”
amphibrach a metrical foot of three syllables, one weak + one strong + one weak (u / u) as in “NanTUCKet”
prosody the patterns of rhythm and sound in poetry
scansion the act of determining and (usually) graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse.

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