DE US History Chapter 22 Test

The infamous Baltimore journalist of the 1920s who delighted in ridiculing religion, politics, the arts, and even democracy itself, wasA. John Dos Passos.B. F. Scott Fitzgerald.C. Sinclair Lewis.D. Thomas Wolfe.E. H. L. Mencken. E
In his 1925 novel, The Great Gatsby, F. Scott FitzgeraldA. glorified wealthy Americans as examples of the “success ethic.”B. ridiculed the hypocritical behavior of some in evangelical religion.C. satirized the inequalities in American politics.D. criticized the American obsession with material wealth.E. dramatized the plight of midwestern farmers. D
In the 1920s, artists and intellectuals of the Harlem RenaissanceA. sought to inspire civil disobedience to further racial justice.B. drew heavily from their African heritage.C. included writers Edna Ferber and Ezra Pound.D. both drew heavily from their African heritage and included writers Edna Ferber and Ezra Pound.E. None of these answers is correct. B
In the 1920s, the “noble experiment” referred toA. the Equal Rights Amendment for women.B. laws to restrict child labor.C. political isolationism.D. female suffrage.E. the prohibition of alcohol. E
Which of the following is true of the passage and application of the Eighteenth Amendment?A. It reduced drinking in some areas of the country.B. The federal government did not commission enough agents to effectively enforce the law.C. Organized crime gained exclusive access to an enormous, lucrative industry.D. Many of the middle-class progressives who had originally supported prohibition began to oppose the experiment.E. All these answers are correct. E
The National Origins Act of 1924A. entirely banned immigration from East Asia to the United States.B. discriminated against northwestern Europeans.C. was designed to alter the sources but not the overall number of immigrants.D. included a quota system for the first time.E. set a rigid limit of 150,000 immigrants a year. A
After World War I, the new Ku Klux KlanA. was largely centered in the South.B. focused primarily on intimidating African Americans.C. became primarily concerned about Catholics, Jews, and foreigners.D. officially renounced the use of violence.E. was a males-only organization. C
The Scopes trial of 1925 was a legal battle concerning the conflict betweenA. blacks and whites.B. urban and rural society.C. nativists and immigrants.D. U.S. Steel and the Amalgamated Steelworkers’ Union.E. creationism and evolution. E
As a result of the Scopes trial of 1925,A. John Scopes was found innocent.B. fundamentalists reduced their political activism.C. the conflict between fundamentalists and modernists subsided.D. anti-evolution laws were repealed in most other states.E. William Jennings Bryan decided to run one more time for president. B
In the election of 1924, among the political parties,A. the Democratic Party was seriously divided.B. the Republican Party was seriously divided.C. the Progressive Party was seriously divided.D. both the Democratic Party and the Progressive Party were seriously divided.E. None of these answers is correct. A
All the following statements regarding Al Smith are true EXCEPT that heA. was a progressive Democratic governor.B. was supported by Tammany Hall.C. lost the 1924 nomination to William McAdoo.D. was an Irish Catholic.E. won the 1928 Democratic nomination. C
Al Smith lost the 1928 presidential election, in part, becauseA. he failed to carry the South.B. of a financial scandal within his campaign.C. of his close connections to the oil industry.D. he both failed to carry the South and maintained close connections to the oil industry.E. All these answers are correct. A
As president, Warren HardingA. never abandoned the party hacks who had brought him to success.B. sought a revival of progressive reform.C. proposed the United States join the League of Nations.D. saw his administration end with his defeat in a bid for reelection in 1924.E. had no sense of his own intellectual limits. A
During the Harding administration, the Teapot Dome scandal involvedA. the illegal sale of timber rights.B. transfers of national oil reserves.C. graft in federal construction contracts.D. political blackmail.E. the secret sale of armaments to Nicaragua. B
Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge were similar inA. their passive approach to the presidency.B. ethics.C. their personalities.D. both their personalities and their passive approach to the presidency.E. None of these answers is correct. A
Calvin CoolidgeA. claimed that Theodore Roosevelt was his political role model.B. believed the federal government should actively promote the social welfare of Americans.C. lost his party’s bid for another nomination in the election of 1928.D. had no political experience prior to becoming vice president in 1920.E. was less active a president than Warren Harding. E
Throughout the 1920s, the federal governmentA. isolated itself from the business community.B. supported the right of workers to organize as unions.C. experienced a budget decrease, yet an increase in debt.D. saw leaders of business take prominent positions in the federal government.E. saw an increase in the budget and the national debt. D
In the 1920s, Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon succeeded inA. cutting taxes on corporate profits and personal incomes.B. eliminating half of the WWI debt.C. dramatically trimming the federal budget.D. both eliminating half of the federal debt, and dramatically trimming the federal budget.E. All these answers are correct. E
As secretary of commerce, Herbert Hoover considered himselfA. a champion of business cooperation.B. a believer in passive government.C. a paragon of conservative America.D. an internationalist in the tradition of Woodrow Wilson.E. an enemy of wealth and privilege. A
To Herbert Hoover, “associationalism” meantA. states and the federal government working together to restrain business.B. Congress and the president working together on economic legislation.C. the formation of federal boards to oversee various aspects of industry.D. businesses being run by a governing board of management and labor representatives.E. the creation of national organizations of businessmen in particular industries. E

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