Communist Manifesto

Who wrote the Communist Manifesto? Karl Marx and Frederic Engels
What is the Communist Manifesto? -most famous Marxist document-provides arguments and reasoning for a Communist society-all problems in the world=struggle between rich (bourgeois) and poor (proletariat)
What is the ultimate intention/aim of Communism? -abolition of all old, traditional production-destruction of bourgeois class-establishment of the proletariat as a class and supremacy
TRUE OR FALSE”The second part of the Communist Manifesto is far more radical than the first.” TRUE
List the basic advocations of the Communist Manifesto 1. Abolition of private property2. Abolition of inheritance3. Abolition of religion4. Confiscation of all emigrant/rebel property5. Implementation of heavy taxation6. Extension of all factories owned by the State7. Equal liability of all to work8. Abolish the distinction between town and country by evenly distributing the population9. Free education for all children in public school (and abolish current form of child factory labor)10. Abolish family as it exists in capital countries= most radical intention
TRUE OR FALSE”Communists are in opposition to the intention and desires of the proletariat movement.” FALSE-they are the most resolute and advanced section of the proletariat that clearly understands the results and benefits of the proletariat movement
TRUE OR FALSE”The abolition of existing property relations is not at all a distinctive feature of Communism.” TRUETheory of Communists: the distinctive feature is the abolition of bourgeois property (or private property) which is based on class antagonism and the exploitation of the working class
Attack on Communists concerning private property and personal rights -Attack: to abolish private property is to abolish personal freedom, activity, and independence-Response: Industry has already destroyed hard-won, self-earned property. ~property now is based on the antagonism of capital and wage-labor
What is capital? Capital is a social status of production that concerns more than just the individual ~when capital is converted into common property= the social character of property changes (loses class character)
What is wage-labor? -The minimum wage paid to a laborer merely to maintain their “bare existence” ~Communists say this isn’t bad; only wish to change the character of this= currently, laborer receives this only to increase capital and make bourgeois class rich
Contrast Bourgeois society to Communist society Bourgeouis-living labor is a means to increase accumulated labor-past dominates present-capital is independent and individual, but the living person is dependent and has no individualityCommunist-accumulated labor is a means to enrich the existence of the laborer-present dominates past-seeks to abolish bourgeois freedom, independence, and individuality-Man has the power to appropriate products of society-Man does NOT have the power to subjugate the labor of others
Define “Bourgeois freedom” : free trade, free selling, and buying-Marx says this is an opposition to a Middle Age concept of restricted buying and selling-Communist abolition of buying and selling is completely different
How does Marx view current private property? -Currently, private property only exists for a small fraction of society and this is only because they have exploited the larger portion of society= the working class
How will Communism eliminate Bourgeois individuality? -By ensuring that individual property can no longer be monopolized into capital by one social class (bourgeois)
Attack concerning private property and universal effects -Attack: Abolition of private property will result in the cease of work and universal laziness. -Response: argues that this is what the bourgeois class has done… those who work= get nothing those who get= don’t workMarx argues that bourgeois class are hypocrites because they are doing all of the traditional things that they complain about other ruling classes of past
Communist take on family and education -Family: ~bourgeois marriage is simply a system of wives because they have so many affairs ~based on capital and private gain=to abolish capital is to abolish bourgeois family ~try to eliminate exploitation of children by parents ~abolish current system of production is to abolish community of women-Education ~seek to abolish the character of intervention and influence of the ruling class on education ~free public school education and abolish current form of child factory labor
Communist view of nations/countries -The working man has no country=have nothing to lose-when the proletariat is in power= they BECOME the nation-bourgeois has helped national antagonism vanish, but the proletariat will make it vanish faster: involves the united actionof leading civilized countries~as bourgeois don’t control proletariat= nations don’t control other nations; as class antagonism vanishes= national hostility vanishes
TRUE OR FALSE”Karl Marx addresses the arguments proposed by religious and philosophical groups in his Communist Manifesto.” FALSE-says they are not even worthy of being addressed
Man’s ideas/conscience change as… his material existence and social relations change
TRUE OR FALSE”The ruling ideas of each age have generally been those of the ruling class.” FALSE-The ruling ideas of each age have NEVER been those of the ruling class because old traditions and beliefs are always replaced by new, revolutionary, better ones
Attack that Communism acts in contradiction to ALL, past, historical experience -Communism does, in fact, seek to abolish what others consider to be traditional “eternal truths” (religion, morality, freedom) because they deal with class antagonism and exploitation
Proletariat Supremacy will… 1. eliminate bourgeois capital2. centralize all instruments of production (credit, communication, and transport) in the hands of the State (proletariat ruling class)3. increase total productive forces as quickly as possible
TRUE OR FALSE”Communist advocations seem economically possible at the moment, but will later prove to be insufficient.” (according to Karl Marx) FALSE-seem insufficient now, but are necessary for the revolution of production
The free development of ___________ is the condition for the free development of _______. EACHALL

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