Clash of the Gods: Beowulf

What was the name of the monstrous beast in the story? Grendel
Where are the murders taking place? Denmark
Who was Beowulf? hero; can do anything; not afraid to die for honor or glory; powers exceed those of normal humans
The legend of Beowulf is a _________ story, inspired by ____. fictional; fact
In what century do they believe the story originated? 7th or 8th century AD
The poem reflects a society with a _____ past, recess in a _________ mold. pagan; christian
In the poem, Grendel is descended from the line of ____ mankind’s first ________. cain; murderer
Grendel is jealous of…? humans who are feasting in the hall
The only clue to Grendel’s physical appearance in the original text is the phrase… a fiend out of hell (demon of the dark)
How long does the monster hold Denmark under siege? 12 years
Who is the one person Grendel cannot harm? Danish king: Hrothgar
What qualities was Beowulf known for? strength; great warrior; ambitious; leader; courageous
What is Beowulf primarily seeking? glory
What is one way that Beowulf can achieve everlasting distinction? slaying Grendel
What does Beowulf do to lure Grendel out? recreates the circumstances of the first attack which is having the men feast in the hall
What happens when the warriors try to attack Grendel? no sword hurts him because he had cast a curse that doesn’t allow him to be harmed by swords
Where did the real story that Beowulf os based on occur? Sutton Hoo, England
Who do they think was buried in the site that archaeologists found? Anglo-Saxan criminals
What is Beowulf’s one weapon against Grendel? his bare hands
How does Beowulf gain the advantage? grabs Grendel’s arm and twists until it pops off
Where does Grendel die? deep in the woods
What does Beowulf hold hight as his trophy after killing Grendel? Grendel’s bloody arm
What grim reality soon sets in? burying all of the soldiers
In a ship burial, what was custom? place the person along with all of their treasures on a boat, and then burn it at sea
What was found in 1939? buried ship
What types of things were found buried? helmets, swords
What did the excavation prove? legend of beowulf is not just a legend
What other discovery was made through excavation? What do they believe is may have once been? evidence of a real ancient hall; one of the largest halls ever found; possibly the hall of the Danish king
What else has been found in the area? artifacts that only a king of importance would have
What fact based accounts have more clues to the connections of Beowulf to real-life events? legendary sagas
Who comes back to get revenge on Beowulf after the death of Grendel? Grendel’s mom
When is the attack? the next night at the hall after she finds Grendel dead in the woods
What does Beowulf do that the king doesn’t? act on the situation
Where does Grendel’s mom live? botton of the haunted mirror
What did the serpents represent? pagans
What do Beowulf’s men give him for his battle? special sword that has never failed in battle
What proves useless in the battle against Grendel’s mother? sword
How does Beowulf kill Grendel’s mother? spears her through a magical sword made by ogres
The death of Grendel’s mother is a metaphor for what? paganism dying and Christianity is brining light to the world of paganism and it thriving
What did the Romans do to the pagan temples? convert them to christianity in the late 16th century
What is the name of Beowulf’s kingdom? Geatland
Who were the Geats? warriors from the tip of Sweden
What was the setting of the battle between the Geats and the Swedes? giant lake of ice
How is the third battle of Beowulf’s different? against man
What was offered to Beowulf in return for his heroism? throne of Geatland
What evidence points to the fact that the ice battle really happened? real location with historical records matching
How is Beowulf different when he fights his fourth battle? no longer seeks glory
Who must he fight? dragon
What happens that leads to the battle with the dragon? slave steals dragon’s favorite golden cup
What is the ultimate insult that leads to Beowulf’s revenge? burning down of his home
Who is Wiglaf? son of a fallen warrior; immature; soldier; inexperienced
What makes him stand out in the battle with the dragon? risked his life to save Beowulf
In the Christian tradition, what do dragons represent? What do they represent in the Pagan tradition? giant manifestation of satan; mystery, ferocity, power, unknown
What do some believe the images of the dragon were based on? T rex
How does Beowulf slay the dragon? thrusts sword into dragon’s belly
What happens to Beowulf in the fight? bitten in the neck and is slowly dying
What does he ask to see as he dies? dragon’s treasures
What does he give Wiglaf? Why? helmet and sword because of his bravery and because he has no family to give it to
What do the final stanzas of the epic poem describe? Beowulf’s funeral
What does beowulf’s death represent all men and all their works die

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