Animal Farm Questions

In Chapter 1, How is Mr. Jones portrayed? He is portrayed as a reckless alcoholic.
In Chapter 1, Why has Major called the meeting? Major has called the meeting to tell about his dream and revolution and how bad humans are, he thinks he’ll die soon.
In Chapter 1, What is the political statement that emerges from Major’s dream? Major says that all animals will rebel because all people are evil; rebellion and freedom, man overworks and doesn’t feed the animals. As long as the animals do work, they don’t care if the animals die.
In Chapter 1, What was Major’s warning to the animals? He said to never exploit another animal and that all animals must be equal.
In Chapter 1, What evil human habits does Major warn the animals about? Major says for the animals to never wear clothes, drink alcohol, smoke tobacco, sleep in a bed, etc. Clothing ruins a sense of equality.
In Chapter 1, What was Major’s description of the equality of animals? It is pretty much the foundation of communism. All animals contribute according to talent and take only what they need.
In Chapter 1, Of what world does Major dream? Major dreams of an earth without man.
In Chapter 1, Why does Orwell describe “Beasts of England” as “a stirring tune, something between “Clementine” and “La Cucuracha”?” Those are catchy tunes and they remember the catchy tune faster, “Beasts of England” is their “National Anthem.”
In Chapter 1, Which animals learn the song quickly? The pigs and the dogs learn the song quickly, they are the smartest.
In Chapter 1, How do the animals respond to the song? The animals loved the song and sang it over and over, the song arouses comraderie and unity, gives them motivation and purpose.
In Chapter 2, What happens to Major and what are the effects of his speech? Major died three days after he told of his dream, peacefully in his sleep. The book says that “Major’s speech had given to the more intelligent animals on the farm a completely new outlook on life.” So the more intelligent animals, but really all the animals, had more motivation to prepare for the upcoming Rebellion and had lots of secret meetings.
In Chapter 2, How does this mental outlook determine the smart animals’ reaction? I kind of answered this in question #1, the more intelligent animals had a completely new outlook on life and knew that the Rebellion may not occur in their lifetime, but they still prepared for it.
In Chapter 2, How do the other animals respond to the new philosophy? The other animals were kind of scared. They had been under the direction and “care” of Farmer Jones all their life and some of them thought that without him they would starve. Others wondered why they were concerned with something that may not happen until they die. Some wondered that “If this Rebellion is to happen anyway, what difference does it make whether we work for it or not?”
In Chapter 2, The pigs are recognized as the cleverest of all animals. What human traits are given to Snowball? Napoleon? Squealer? Snowball- prideNapoleon- he always demanded things of people and believed in a communistic society, but he never pulled his weightSquealer- rhetoric, he was very persuasive
In Chapter 2, What was the pigs’ major contribution to the Rebellion? The pigs held meetings that contributed to the ideas of Animalism, and taught the other animals of the new philosophy.
In Chapter 2, What is the effect of Moses the Raven’s tale of Sugarcandy Mountain? All the animals really believed in Moses’ story, and the pigs had to be very persuasive to convince them it wasn’t true.
In Chapter 2, How does the Rebellion come about? After Farmer Jones comes home drunk and passes out, forgetting to feed them, all the animals break into the storehouses. When he and his men come and start whipping the animals, the animals attack the farmers.
In Chapter 2, What’s the first thing the animals do to celebrate their victory? Their first celebration was to make sure there were no humans anywhere on the farm.
In Chapter 2, Why does Boxer discard his straw hat? The hat was a mark of a human being.
In Chapter 2, On the first morning, the pigs reveal they’ve learned to read and write. How is this typical of their behavior? They are kind of hypocritical. They always preach about how the humans are evil and they should be nothing like the humans, yet they always do things humans do.
In Chapter 2, How are the cows milked on the first morning and where does the milk go? The pigs milked the cows after their udders were almost bursting. They hadn’t been milked in days, and they filled up five buckets. They then went away and when they came back, the milk was gone but they didn’t notice.
In Chapter 3, As the summer passes, the animals are happier than they ever thought they could be. What causes this feeling? They had the biggest harvest the farm had ever seen, even without Farmer Jones. They also enjoyed the food more thoroughly because they produced every morsel of it.
In Chapter 3, Only Benjamin does not share the self-congratulatory atmosphere of the farm. What is the significance of his cryptic remarks? His remark was “Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey.” So what he is saying is that they way they are living now may work through their lifetimes, but it won’t work forever. They’ll never see the way it ends. Either that or he’s just saying he’s old and wise, but because the book uses the word “cryptic” to describe his remarks I think he means the first idea.
In Chapter 3, What is the significance of the flag Snowball designs? Well, the flag is green, “to represent the green fields of England, while the hoof and horn signified the future Republic of the Animals which would arise when the human race had been finally overthrown.” It also looked very similar to Russia’s flag at that time.
In Chapter 3, What is Snowball’s attitude towards education? Snowball believed in education. He busied himself with a variety of committees, and he, like all the pigs, was literate.
In Chapter 3, To what extent are the animals educated? Benjamin- can read and write as well as any pig, but never doesClover- knew the entire alphabet, but couldn’t put words togetherBoxer- could not get beyond the letter D, or when he learned E,F,G,H, he forgot A,B,C,DMollie- refused to learn any letters other than those of her nameNone of the other animals on the farm could get further than A.
In Chapter 3, What is Napoleon’s attitude towards education? Napoleon said that “the education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who had grown up.” After Jessie and Bluebell had nine puppies, Napoleon took them away from the rest of the farm and their mothers, and said he would educate them. He never let them out of the loft in the farm, and the rest of the farm soon forgot about their existence.
In Chapter 3, Snowball and Napoleon argue on almost every issue that arises. What do they agree on? They agree on educating the young.
In Chapter 3, What was Squealer’s explanation for why the pigs must be given special food? How do the animals react? Squealer convinced everyone that they didn’t like apples, and that they were especially good for the pigs, and if the pigs didn’t eat them, Farmer Jones would come back. The animals obviously didn’t want Farmer Jones coming back, so they believed Squealer’s story and didn’t want any chance of the pigs getting sick.
What human trait is revealed in Clover? She is very maternal.
What human trait is revealed in Boxer? He is strong and loyal.
What human trait is revealed in Benjamin? He is cynical, old, and wise.
What human trait is revealed in Mollie? She is very vain and self-absorbed.
What human trait is revealed in the cat? This animal is very lazy, played both sides of the fence, and has no convictions.
What human trait is revealed in the dogs? These animals are elitists who hated the rats.
What human trait is revealed in the pigs? These animals are very intelligent and in charge.
What human trait is revealed in the raven? This animal symbolizes organized religion and nobody likes this animal.
In Chapter 4, How do the neighboring humans react to the situation on Animal Farm? The farmers acted sympathetic, but in reality they were thinking about how they could benefit from it.
In Chapter 4, How does Snowball direct the Battle of the Cowshed? He studied Julius Caesar and sent out one “round” of attack at a time as to take them by surprise.
In Chapter 4, What is Snowball’s attitude towards war? Snowball fought to kill. “War is war. The only good human is a dead one.” This mimics General Custer, who fought for the Union army in the Civil War.
In Chapter 4, What is Boxer’s attitude towards war? Boxer said, “I have no wish to take life, not even human life.” He cried after he killed the humans, he didn’t want to kill them, just scare them.
In Chapter 4, What typical organizational steps are taken after the victory in the Battle of the Cowshed? They had a funeral for the sheep that died and awarded “Animal Hero, First Class,” on Boxer and Snowball.
In Chapter 5, Why are the pigs accepted as the planners of farm policy? What important qualification is placed on their power? The pigs were accepted as the planners of the farm policy because they were “manifestly cleverer than the other animals,” but all decisions had to be approved by majority vote.
In Chapter 5, On what do Snowball and Napoleon disagree? How does each try to win out in such disputes? Napoleon and Snowball disagree on everything possible to disagree on. Snowball often persuaded the animals with his clever speeches, but Napoleon was better as canvassing support for himself. He was also very good with the sheep.
In Chapter 5, How do Napoleon and Snowball handle the bitter controversy over the windmill? They both created a mantra, and some animals rallied for Snowball, others for Napoleon. Also, at the actual voting session, Napolean has his dogs chase Snowball off of the farm.
In Chapter 5, What was Napoleon’s mantra? Napoleon thought the windmill would be good for food, but still wanted the animals to work every day.
In Chapter 5, What was Snowball’s mantra? Snowball thought that with the windmill, the animals would only have to work a three-day week, and they could have electricity and running water.
In Chapter 5, What is the first right Napoleon takes away from the animals? He said only pigs can make decisions, no voting.
In Chapter 5, How do the animals respond to Napoleon taking away this right? The animals were angry, but didn’t know what to say.
In Chapter 5, What is Squealer’s explanation to Napoleon’s decision about the right he took away? Squealer said Napoleon had taken the extra labor upon himself, and that leadership isn’t a pleasure.
In Chapter 5, Why is Boxer’s reaction to Napoleon taking away this right important? Boxer’s reaction is important because he could be inadvertently adding to the problem by always agreeing.
In Chapter 5, How does Squealer explain Napoleon’s decision to build the windmill after all? Squealer said the windmill had been Napoleon’s idea all along and Snowball stole the blueprints from Napoleon. He said Napoleon pretended to be against the windmill to get rid of Snowball, who was “bad.”
In Chapter 6, What is the pace of work during Napoleon’s first year of power? The animals worked at least a 60-hour week, the book says “they worked like slaves.”
In Chapter 6, What is the quality of life for the animals? The animals work all the time, but the work doesn’t require effort or sacrifice. I think they are kind of oppressed, because now they virtually have to work on Sundays, too.
In Chapter 6, Why does it become necessary to trade with the humans? How does Squealer justify this break in policy? It became necessary to trade with humans because they needed money to build the windmill. Squealer says that there never was a policy against trading with humans to begin with, it was just a lie from Snowball.
In Chapter 6, What is the seemingly contradictory attitude of the animals toward Mr. Whymper? The animals dreaded seeing Mr. Whymper and tried to avoid him at all costs. This could be contradictory because the animals may have been angry at him because he was a human and wanted to attack him.
In Chapter 6, The distortions of the Commandments concerns some of the animals. How does Squealer quell their doubts? “that there was ever a ruling against beds? A bed merely means a place to sleep in. A pile of straw in a stall is a bed, properly regarded. The rule was against sheets, which are a human invention. We have removed the sheets from the farmhouse beds, and sleep between blankets. And very comfortable beds they are too! But not more comfortable than we need, I can tell you, comrades, with all the brainwork we have to do nowadays. You would not rob us of our repose, would you, comrades? You would not have us too tired to carry out our duties? Surely none of you wishes to see Jones back?”
In Chapter 6, How does Napoleon react to the destruction of the windmill? What is his motive? Napoleon blames the windmill falling on Snowball, who had crept in Animal Farm at night and destroyed their work for nearly a year. He wants everyone to hate Snowball so that they give Napoleon all of the power.
In Chapter 7, What is the quality of life for the animals through the winter? The winter froze the ground, so it was hard to grow crops, and it made it very hard to continue to rebuild the windmill. They were short on food because of the cold.
In Chapter 7, How does Napoleon handle this problem? Napoleon doesn’t want the humans to know that they aren’t doing well, so when Mr. Whymper comes, Napoleon never lets the other animals talk to him. He also filled the grain baskets with mostly sand and the little grain they had to make it appear like they had lots of grain. Essentially, he made it look like nothing was wrong.
In Chapter 7, How do the hens react to Napoleon’s order? The hens laid their eggs on a roof so that they would roll off and break.
In Chapter 7, What are Snowball’s winter and early spring activities? Every night, he would sneak into Animal Farm and stole corn, upset milk-pails, broke eggs, trampled the seedbeds, and gnawed bark off of fruit trees. Napoleon really did all these things, but blamed them on Snowball so the animals liked and trusted Napoleon more.
In Chapter 7, What is the outcome of Napoleon’s investigation into Snowball’s activities? Napoleon sees that Snowball has been all over the farm and sold himself to Pinchfield Farm. Squealer told the animals that Snowball had been secretly working with Mr. Jones from the start. He said that Snowball wants to attack Animal Farm, and they “found the letters between Mr. Jones and Snowball.”
In Chapter 7, What action is taken after this discovery? Napoleon had his dogs kill anyone who admittedly worked with Snowball.
In Chapter 7, How do the animals respond to the executions? The animals were shocked and terrified, until this time no animal had killed another animal.
In Chapter 7, What is the importance of Minimus’ song? “Beasts of England” was a song for the rebellion, and Minimus’ new song signified that the rebellion was over and Napoleon was in charge.
In Chapter 8, How does Squealer distract attention from the changes in the Commandments? Squealer most of the time spoke for Napoleon, Napoleon rarely came out of his shed. He said that food production needed to be increased, so the animals did even more work.
In Chapter 8, What is the significance of the cockerel who marches in front of Napoleon? The cockerel trumpeted before Napoleon spoke, making him look like a king.
In Chapter 8, What is the quality of life of the animals? They had the same quality of life as before, but they were under more of a dictatorship now, and it was more apparent.
In Chapter 8, What is important about Napoleon’s duplicity in the sale of the timber? He wants to get the most money possible, and this transaction with humans wasn’t necessary to their survival, but the way he negotiated the price, he was doing more human things.
In Chapter 8, What turns the Battle of the Windmill in the animals’ favor? The men were out of Animal Farm, and they were angry at the men and sought vengeance.
In Chapter 8, How is the victory celebrated? The flew their flag, fired guns, Napoleon gave a speech, and a funeral was given to all the animals who were killed.
In Chapter 8, What new vice do the pigs acquire? They started to drink alcohol.
In Chapter 8, What is the animals’ reaction when Squealer falls from a ladder with a bucket of paint while “clarifying” another of the commandments? All the animals except Benjamin had no idea what it meant. They were just scared when they heard the ladder and bucket crashing to the ground.
In Chapter 9, What is the quality of the animals’ lives as another year passes? Most of the animals are getting older and thinking about retiring. They were short on food, and even though the animals didn’t notice, their conditions were creeping up to become the same they were with Mr. Jones.
In Chapter 9, What is Squealer’s new explanation of unequal rations? He never called them “reductions,” just “readjustments.”
In Chapter 9, What is the significance of the new ruling on ribbons? The pigs were breaking their own rules and becoming more like humans.
In Chapter 9, What is to “compensate” for the hardships in the animals’ lives? They had “Spontaneous Demonstrations” which were celebrations to commemorate the hardships and triumphs on Animal Farm. There were lots of songs and speeches, and the animals enjoyed it so much they temporarily forgot how hungry they were.
In Chapter 9, What is the significance of Moses’ return? Moses’ return is significant because Boxer knows he is leaning toward the end of his life, and hearing about Sugarcandy Mountain again probably soothed him.
In Chapter 9, What are Boxer’s expectations of the future after he injures himself through overwork? He expects to be fine come spring, and when he isn’t he just wants to be able to get as much stone for the windmill as possible.
In Chapter 9, How do the animals react to Boxer’s removal? When they saw him leaving, they all left their work immediately and they were okay to see him leave, but once they saw that the van was taking him to be slaughtered, they were horrified and tried to get Boxer to escape from the van.
In Chapter 9, How does Squealer calm the unrest over Boxer’s fate? He tells the animals that the van belongs to the hospital, they just bought it from the slaughterhouse and didn’t get to taking the name off.
In Chapter 9, How does Napoleon capitalize on Boxer’s death? He sold Boxer to the slaughterhouse, and they obviously gave him money.
In Chapter 9, Why was Boxer killed? Boxer was killed because he voiced that Napoleon may have been wrong and Snowball may have been innocent.
In Chapter 10, How has the farm grown after several more years? There were more animals, they had bought two more fields from Mr. Pilkington, the windmill had been completed, and because of that there was a threshing machine and a hay elevator.
In Chapter 10, What is the quality of the animals lives? The quality of the animals lives is the same as it was for a while. When Napoleon took power, their lives got slightly better, and once he turned into a dictator it got a lot worse, and from there it stayed the same.
In Chapter 10, Even though the animals exist in a stupor of work and hunger, they are greatly shocked by a new development. What is it? All the pigs now walk on two legs, and the sheep bleat “four legs good, two legs better!”
In Chapter 10, What is the final interpretation of the word “equal”? All animals are equal- but some animals are more equal than others.
In Chapter 10, What is the animals’ reaction to the tour the pigs conduct for human visitors? The pigs are dressed in Mr. and Mrs. Jones’ clothing, so they don’t know if they should be more scared of the pigs or the humans.
In Chapter 10, What does Pilkington praise the pigs for? He praises the pigs for making peace with the other farmers.
In Chapter 10, What is the significance of the change in the flag’s design? What other changes are announced? The hoof and horn were removed from the flag, and it is now just green. This shows that they are not animals anymore. The other change made is that “Animal Farm” is no longer the name. Napoleon announced that it is “The Manor Farm” now.
In Chapter 10, What do the animals see when they look in the farmhouse window? They see the pigs and the humans playing cards and drinking. A pig and a human get into a skirmish over who won the game, and the last line of the book is “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” -Animal Farm, Chapter X
What is the climax? The climax is when Benjamin reads to Clover the final statement on equality.
Napoleon- (according to Sparknotes) The pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Joseph Stalin, Napoleon uses military force (his nine loyal attack dogs) to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball.
Snowball- (according to Sparknotes) The pig who challenges Napoleon for control of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Leon Trotsky, Snowball is intelligent, passionate, eloquent, and less subtle and devious than his counterpart, Napoleon. Snowball seems to win the loyalty of the other animals and cement his power, and then Napoleon obviously kills him to secure his power.
Boxer- (according to Sparknotes) The cart-horse whose incredible strength, dedication, and loyalty play a key role in the early prosperity of Animal Farm and the later completion of the windmill. Quick to help but rather slow-witted, Boxer shows much devotion to Animal Farm’s ideals but little ability to think about them independently. He na├»vely trusts the pigs to make all his decisions for him. His two mottoes are “I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right.”
Squealer- (according to Sparknotes) The pig who spreads Napoleon’s propaganda among the other animals. Squealer justifies the pigs’ monopolization of resources and spreads false statistics pointing to the farm’s success. Orwell uses Squealer to explore the ways in which those in power often use rhetoric and language to twist the truth and gain and maintain social and political control.
Old Major- (according to Sparknotes) The prize-winning boar whose vision of a socialist utopia serves as the inspiration for the Rebellion. Three days after describing the vision and teaching the animals the song “Beasts of England,” Major dies, leaving Snowball and Napoleon to struggle for control of his legacy. Orwell based Major on both the German political economist Karl Marx and the Russian revolutionary leader Vladimir Ilych Lenin.
Clover- (according to Sparknotes) A good-hearted female cart-horse and Boxer’s close friend. Clover often suspects the pigs of violating one or another of the Seven Commandments, but she repeatedly blames herself for misremembering the commandments.
Moses- (according to Sparknotes) The tame raven who spreads stories of Sugarcandy Mountain, the paradise to which animals supposedly go when they die. Moses plays only a small role in Animal Farm, but Orwell uses him to explore how communism exploits religion as something with which to pacify the oppressed.
Mollie- (according to Sparknotes) The vain, flighty mare who pulls Mr. Jones’s carriage. Mollie craves the attention of human beings and loves being groomed and pampered. She has a difficult time with her new life on Animal Farm, as she misses wearing ribbons in her mane and eating sugar cubes. She represents the petit bourgeoisie that fled from Russia a few years after the Russian Revolution.
Benjamin- (according to Sparknotes) The long-lived donkey who refuses to feel inspired by the Rebellion. Benjamin firmly believes that life will remain unpleasant no matter who is in charge. Of all of the animals on the farm, he alone comprehends the changes that take place, but he seems either unwilling or unable to oppose the pigs.
Muriel- (according to Sparknotes) The white goat who reads the Seven Commandments to Clover whenever Clover suspects the pigs of violating their prohibitions.
Mr. Jones- (according to Sparknotes) The often drunk farmer who runs the Manor Farm before the animals stage their Rebellion and establish Animal Farm. Mr. Jones is an unkind master who indulges himself while his animals lack food; he thus represents Tsar Nicholas II, whom the Russian Revolution ousted.
Mr. Fredrick- (according to Sparknotes) The tough, shrewd operator of Pinchfield, a neighboring farm. Based on Adolf Hitler, the ruler of Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, Mr. Frederick proves an untrustworthy neighbor.
Mr. Pilkington- (according to Sparknotes) The easygoing gentleman farmer who runs Foxwood, a neighboring farm. Mr. Frederick’s bitter enemy, Mr. Pilkington represents the capitalist governments of England and the United States.
Mr. Whymper- (according to Sparknotes) The human solicitor whom Napoleon hires to represent Animal Farm in human society. Mr. Whymper’s entry into the Animal Farm community initiates contact between Animal Farm and human society, alarming the common animals.
Jessie and Bluebell- (according to Sparknotes) Two dogs, each of whom gives birth early in the novel. Napoleon takes the puppies in order to “educate” them.
Minimus- (according to Sparknotes) The poet pig who writes verse about Napoleon and pens the banal patriotic song “Animal Farm, Animal Farm” to replace the earlier idealistic hymn “Beasts of England,” which Old Major passes on to the others.

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