All About The Odyssey

The protagonist of the Odyssey. Odysseus
Odysseus’s son Telemachus
Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus Penelope
Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts. Athena
God of the Sea. As the suitors are Odysseus’s mortal antagonists, Poseidon is his divine antagonist. He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Poseidon
King of gods and men, who mediates the disputes of the gods on Mount Olympus. He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same. Zeus
The most arrogant of Penelope’s suitors; the leader of the suitors. Antinous
A manipulative, deceitful suitor. Eurymachus
The loyal shepherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca. Eumaeus
The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies. Eurycleia
Sister of Melanthius and maidservant in Odysseus’s palace. Traitor to Penelope Melantho
he beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus and holds him captive on her island for 7 years. Calypso
A Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. Tiresias
Odysseus’ father Laertes
The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus’s crew into swine when he lands on her island. Circe
One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. Polyphemus
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen, he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War. Menelaus
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. ‘The face that launched a thousand ships’ Helen
Former king of Mycenae, brother of Menelaus, and commander of the Achaean forces at Troy. Murdered by his wife in the bath. Agamemnon
Discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria; The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa
King of the Phaeacians, who offers Odysseus hospitality in his island kingdom of Scheria. Alcinous
Queen of the Phaeacians, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa. Arete
How long was Odysseus on Calypso’s Island? 7 years
Which plant makes the sailors forget their desire to return home? Lotus
Who is Argos? Odysseus’s old dog
Who first finds Odysseus on the island of Scheria? Nausicaa
Who has an affair with Eurymachus? Melantho
How does the maid recognize Odysseus? His scar
How is Odysseus able to listen safely to the Sirens’ song? His men bind him to the ship’s mast
In which year was the Odyssey written? Approx. 700 BCE
Who transforms Odysseus’s sailors into pigs? Circe
Which goddess often assists Odysseus and Telemachus, and speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus? Athena
Why does Poseidon despise Odysseus? Odysseus blinded his son, Polyphemus
Who does Zeus send to rescue Odysseus from Calypso? Hermes
What are the two monsters Odysseus’s men must sail past? Scylla and Charybdis
What is an epic? A long, narrative poem.
What is an epithet? A hyphenated adjective that describes a noun, usually a person.
What literary genre is the Odyssey? An Epic
Who is believed to have written the Odyssey? Homer
What is a Homeric simile? A simile that is very very long. Usually paragraphs comparing to animals.
an English term for when a story opens right in the middle of the action, the explanations of what came before to come later. in medias res
When gods intervene into the lives of men Divine Intervention
Hubris Excessive pride

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