Act 1 Romeo and Juliet Study Guide – English 125

Where is the play set? Verona
To which family does Mercutio belong? Montague
To which family does Benvolio belong? Montague
To which family does Abram belong? Montague
To which family does Balthazar belong? Montague
To which family does Romeo belong? Montague
To which family does Juliet belong? Capulet
To which family does Tybalt belong? Capulet
To which family does Gregory belong? Capulet
To which family does Samson belong? Capulet
What are stage directions? The directions written that tell the actor what to do.
What are text aids? Text that helps define a word or a phase in the text.
In lines 77-100 from Act I, Scene i, what is Prince Escalus’s message to Capulet and Montague? He threatens to kill them if they don’t stop fighting.
What does this stage direction tell about Prince Escalus? [Enter PRINCE ESCALUS, with his Train.] It shows that he is wealthy and has a lot of servants.
In Act I, Scene ii, Romeo agrees to go to the Capulet’s party because he hopes to…? See Rosaline
Which of the following is the best definition of dialogue? Conversation between or among characters.
In Act I, which of the following best describes Tybalt’s personality. Aggressive
In Act I, Scene v, why does Capulet allow Romeo to return to the feast? Capulet will not allow a well-mannered guest to be insulted.
What is Benvolio’s main function in Act I of The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet? He shows concern for Romeo and tries to keep the peace.
What does the Nurse’s dialogue reveal about her character? She is devoted to Juliet.
What can you conclude about Mercutio from the long speech he makes about Queen Mab? He is playful and imaginative.
Which statement best summarizes Romeo’s reaction after he glimpses Juliet at the Capulets’ feast? He immediately falls in love with her.
Which of the following words is the best synonym for grievance? Complaint
Which of the following words is the best antonym for augmenting? Decreasing
Which of these activities is the best example of a transgression? Stealing
Drama a play, a story written to be performed by actors on a stage or in a film.
Stage Directions the playwright’s instructions about how a play should be performed.
Acts and Scenes the basic sections of drama.
Sets the constructions that define the area in which the play’s action occurs.
Props movable objects, like swords or pens, that actors use on stage.
Tragedy traces the downfall of the main character, often called the tragic hero.
Comedy has a happy ending. Feature a series of events in which the order or balance is disrupted.
Act 1 Introduction/Exposition
Act 2 Rising Action
Act 5 Resolution
Act 4 Falling Action
Act 3 Climax
Monologue a long, uninterrupted speech delivered by a character to other characters on stage.
Solioquy a speech in which a character, alone on stage, reveals private thoughts to the audience
Aside a brief remark a character makes to the audience rather than to other characters.
External Conflict a struggle against an outside force, such as nature, an enemy, or a beanbag chair.
Internal Conflict a struggle posed by the characters’ own thoughts, beliefs, or feelings.
Protagonist usually a single main character.
Antagonist character who opposes the main character; the one who adds conflict.
Flat Character one dimensional; have one quality.
Round Character multidimensional; have many qualities.
Static Character unchanging; remain the same.
Dynamic Character character that changes and grows.
Direct Characterization a writer simply tells the audience about a character.
Indirect Characterization the writer shows the audience what a character is like though physical description and dialogue.
What all do we learn from the prologue? Two star-crossed lovers will take each other’s life. The families of the the star-crossed lovers have a feud, and with the death of their children, the feud will end.
Paris kingsman to the Prince, wants to court Juliet – Capulet.
Nurse “nanny” to Juliet – Capulet.
Act I, Scene i begins with SAMPSON and GREGORY, two serving men from the house of Capulet. What is Shakespeare’s main purpose in Scene i? (Hint: This is the Exposition.) To show the listeners how deep the hatred runs between the two families and that even the servants of the families hate each other.
In Act I, Scene iii, in her speech comparing Paris to a book, what does Lady Capulet encourage Juliet to do? (be as specific as possible). She encourages Juliet to fall in love with Paris at the party and all that she simply needs to do is look upon his face and then she will be in love.
In Act I, Scene ii, Romeo agrees to go to the Capulet’s party because he hopes to? (Warning: this one is hard. Go back and reread) Romeo is only going because he hopes to catch a glimpse of Rosaline at the party but he also wants to find someone to distract him of his love of Rosaline.
At the end of Scene iv, how does Romeo explain his reluctance to go to the Capulets’ party? He feels that something that happens at the party that night will lead to his death.
What obstacles to Romeo and Juliet’s relationship are already apparent in Act I? They discover that their families hate one another and their love is forbidden. Plus, Juliet is already expected to marry Paris.
In Act I, Scene i, what detail about Montague helps to make him a round, complex character that goes beyond the stereotype of an angry old man? Montague is shown as a round character because he cares about his son and doesn’t want him to be sad and depressed all of the time.
Act I of Romeo and Juliet is mainly about the Capulet-Montague family feud and? Romeo and Juliet meeting at the party and falling in love instantly.
Pernicious causing great injury of ruin.
Adversary a person who opposes or fights against another.
Augmenting increasing; enlarging.
Greivance injustice; complaint.
Oppression feeling of being weighted down with worries or problems.
Transgression wrongdoing; sin.

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